How to Training for Football Season?
It puzzles me that we spend so much time in the off-season training for qualities that we feel will make our athletes more successful on the field, but once the season hits, it all kind of goes to hell in a handbasket. In fact, I see some coaches who use the weight room as a babysitter for their athletes. They have an hour to kill for practice to be the “appropriate” amount of time, so they send their athletes into the weight room, where they do their “Friday Night” workouts, pumping up their arms and doing some benchwork because they like to. For the most part, it looks like a late afternoon at Lifetime Fitness: a lot of people standing around, talking, posing, and finding a way to do as little as possible.
I want to strip back the in-season routine and see if we can’t find a better solution. This way, we can have continual progress toward the goal of developing better athletes without losing any time. There can be continual improvement if we look at the big picture. This can be really beneficial for younger athletes who need more development, as well as two-sport athletes who want to change from one sport to the other without missing a step. I will look at the situation from a football/track standpoint. The ideal goal is to use in-season football to help track athletes, and use in-season track to help football. Even though I am a track coach, I must admit that track coaches need to give in a little to “Friday Night Lights.”
We need to look at Friday night games from an exercise perspective. I would say that it is certainly a maximum effort exercise that taxes the body to the limit in almost all areas. In playing the game, there are 40-50 reps on acceleration work, with agility added into the mix. There is also unstable upper body work, which includes isometric work in locking out, concentric work in blocking, and eccentric work in falling. Overall, it is a whole-body workout that takes the athlete to their physical limit. How can we get our athletes to recover and get better at the same time? And what can we do during in-season football training to help develop the track athlete without hindering the athlete from being their best on Friday night?
On the day after the game, long-duration isometrics (30 seconds) can be beneficial. First, isometric strength is a foundation for all reflexive movements. Isometric strength can certainly help any kind of explosive movement, including sprinting and jumping, and isometric strength does not create a lot of muscle soreness once the athlete is used to the load. It also creates a lot of blood flow when the hold is for a longer time, like 30 seconds, which will greatly aid in recovery and move toxins that build up from the recovery process while sleeping after the game. (Have you ever seen a cooldown after a football game? Even better, have you ever seen what a high school football player eats after a game?)
To really get blood flowing, pick a lighter weight, hold it for 30 seconds, do three reps and repeat. Try to go for two minutes of ISO holds in a mid-point position. The exercises I like are the split squat, jack-knife split squat, glute ham plank, bench, and row. Do the longer duration work with the upper body, and with the lower body, keep it to two sets of 30 with 45 seconds of rest.
More growth hormone is released with the shorter rest period. The 45-second rest gives partners time to change over as well. And with controlled workouts, you can keep the time in the weight room to a minimum. Also have athletes keep track of their weight. You want a gradual increase every week. If an athlete is struggling, it will excuse him or her from the rest of the workouts for the week.
Sunday should be complete rest.
Most coaches use Monday as a walk-through. We also use it as a day of rest and recovery. Dan Fichter calls it tactical training. Build your workouts around what is going on in the field. It only taxes the body more, or creates less recovery time, if you have a walk- through day on the field and a taxing day in the weight room.
This leads us to Tuesday, which is a hard day in most football practices. Packages and plays have been taught and now it is time to see how they work. You want to take advantage of this day and make it a hard day in the weight room. Tuesdays will be your concentric day, where you work the force-velocity curve on major movements. However, before you get into the weight room, it would be smart to create a power baseline with a vertical jump. Have an athlete complete three separate jumps. If their best is more than 10% below the previous week, they are not ready to work out.
Once in the weight room, you can get some force work to help into the track season for starts. (I know this is a crazy idea, actually doing track stuff during football season—borderline blasphemy!) For the sprinters/skill players, I like the two-step sled push. After two to three weeks of pushing the sled, attach the athlete to a rubber band from their start and pull them out of their stance, almost like an overspeed start. This will deal with the velocity aspect of the force-velocity curve.